New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.
Uncertainty around the wide range of possible climate change impacts could lead to over-investment in some areas and under-investment in others.
New Zealand is a developed country and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, education, economic freedom and quality of life.
Since the 1980s, New Zealand has transformed from an agrarian, regulated economy to a market economy.
Erosion is one of the major challenges that faces our primary industries and is likely to worsen as climate change brings more frequent and intense weather to our shores.
As people hunker down for another cold New Zealand winter, challenging times also lie ahead for animals exposed to the elements out on farms.