Altamira cave dating 100 dating sites without registration

The study has been carried out in eleven caves in Cantabria and Asturias in exceptional Prehistoric art sites, including the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Altamira, El Castillo, La Pasiega, Covalanas, El Pendo and Tito Bustillo.It is an international research in which have taken part, together with SERP-UB researchers, experts from the University of Bristol, the National Research Centre on Human Evolution (CENIEH), the University of the Basque Country, the University of Sheffield, the University of Alcalá de Henares, the University of Cantabria, and the National Museum and Research Centre of Altamira.The roof of the chamber is covered with paintings and engravings, often in combination—for example, the bison figures that dominate were first engraved and then painted.These images were executed in a vivid bichrome of red and black, and some also have violet tones.Palaeolithic, 35,000 years ago, instead of to Late Upper Palaeolithic, 20,000 years ago, as it was considered.The minimum age obtained in the paintings in El Castillo reveals either that perhaps Neanderthals were already engaged in painting caves or that it was a by-product of the interaction between modern humans and Neanderthals during the period when they were in contact in Europe”, explains João Zilhão.The other galleries of the cave contain a variety of black-painted and engraved figures.In many cases the creator of the images exploited the natural contours of the rock surface to add a three-dimensional quality to the work.

Thus, researchers have determined that a red disk in the cave known as El Castillo dates back to a minimum of 40,800 years ago; paintings in the Tito Bustillo cave extend back to between 35,000 and 30,000 years ago, and they also obtained a date of at least 35,000 years for a claviform-like symbol on Polychrome Ceiling in Altamira.Uranium-series dating has recently been applied to figures on the decorated ceiling in the cave.Several motifs are partly covered by thin layers of calcite precipitates, whose formation process is datable by this method.This technique, quite common in geological research and which circumvents the problems related to carbon dating, indicates that the paintings studied are older than previously thought: at least 20,000 years older.Thus, some of the paintings would extend back at least to 40,800 years ago, that is, to Early Upper Palaeolithic, and it even opens the possibility that this first artistic activity in the European continent was made by Neanderthals or was the result of the interaction between Neanderthals and modern humans.